Monday, 27 September 2021, 15:53:16
In his speech at the briefing on the implementation of the Address of the Head of State to the people of Kazakhstan in the press center of the government, Deputy Prime Minister Yeraly Tugzhanov touched upon the issues of social protection.
So, according to him, the regulation of qualifications is a fundamental and systemic step that will change all relationships in the labor market.
“Thanks to the establishment of requirements for jobs, the level of qualifications of workers in many countries, a technological breakthrough has been made. The experience of South Korea shows that as a result of the 1973 Law on the National Technical Qualifications System, GDP growth was achieved by more than 100 times. By analogy, Kazakhstan will develop a Law on Professional Qualifications,’’ he said.
For the first time, 589 professional standards have been developed and applied, intended for the labor market. It will also be possible to confirm qualifications after any vocational training, informal, self-study, and such qualifications will be recognized by employers.
The Deputy Prime Minister also noted that digitalization has led to the emergence of new forms of employment. Vivid examples are drivers working on Uber platforms, Yandex-taxis, Wolt couriers, etc.
“Today, employment based on Internet platforms in most countries of the world, incl. in Kazakhstan is not sufficiently regulated by law. Therefore, in this year. a mechanism for regulating new forms of employment will be developed, including issues of social, health insurance, pension provision and taxation,” Tugzhanov informed.
For the formation of an effective labor market, the development of the country's migration policy is important. In this regard, the President in his Address set the task of developing a new Concept of Migration Policy. The Committee on Migration of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Population of the Republic of Kazakhstan is being created.
The existing mechanism of payments to citizens moving from the south to the north of the country will be improved. So, payments will be allocated not only through akimats, but also by reimbursing the costs of employers who independently hire workers from the southern regions.
There will also be an opportunity to provide migrants with land plots not only for building a house, but also for agricultural activities.
The next issue was the increase from next year the minimum wage from 42,500 tenge to 60,000 tenge.
“This initiative will increase the income of 1.6 million Kazakhstanis. It will also help to increase the country's GDP by 1.5%. Corresponding amendments to the legislation have been developed and will be adopted by the end of this year,” Tugzhanov said.
From 2022 to 2025, the salaries of civil servants will increase by 20% annually. This will affect 600 thousand employees, incl. cultural organizations, archives, technical personnel and others, for which the salary did not rise before.
This measure will allow them to double their wages within four years.
As for the issues of social development, in Kazakhstan, according to Deputy Prime Minister Yeraly Tugzhanov, it is planned to improve the mechanism for supporting civil initiatives in rural areas.
“Amendments to the legislation will be developed to simplify the procedure for issuing grants to rural NGOs. It is planned to increase financing of rural NGOs from local budgets,” he said.
The list of categories of citizens quota in electoral lists will be expanded by law. In addition to women and youth, a quota will be established for people with special needs.
In addition, work is underway to gradually increase the proportion of women to 30% in the governing bodies of companies with state participation.