Tuesday, 25 May 2021, 10:56:30
At the government session chaired by Prime Minister Askar Mamin, Minister of Labor and Social Protection of the Population Serik Shapkenov reported on the implementation of the Employment Roadmap in the framework of anti-crisis measures. Chair of the board of JSC NMH Baiterek Aidar Arifkhanov and akims of the regions also presented their reports.
So, in 2020, within the framework of the Employment Roadmap, 6.6 thousand infrastructure projects for construction, reconstruction, overhaul and current repairs were implemented.
239 thousand people found jobs, of which 120 thousand are employed in the directions of employment centers.
“The employment roadmap allowed solving some of the problems of three-shift and emergency schools, access to education, health care, clean drinking water for rural residents, increasing the area of irrigated, pasture land and gasification of rural settlements,” said the Minister of Labor and Social Protection.
The Employment Roadmap also contributed to the maintenance of unemployment at 4.9%.
This year 300 billion tenge are provided for the implementation of the Employment Roadmap. Including on behalf of the Head of State, 200 billion tenge were allocated from the National Bank of the Republic of Kazakhstan at the expense of a bonded loan.
The roadmap is being implemented in four areas:
First. Improving the quality of life of the population.
Second. Increasing the availability of finance for SMEs.
Third. Development of the agro-industrial complex.
Fourth. Business development in the regions.
Funding limits are defined and distributed by region according to the share of the labor force.
The main part of the funds, 42.5%, is directed to improving the quality of life of the population, 33.3% to the development of the agro-industrial complex, 24.2% is directed to the development of business in the regions and to microcrediting through microfinance organizations with the participation of NCE Atameken and local executive bodies.
In the first direction, a total of 136 projects will be implemented with the creation of 19 thousand jobs, of which 7.5 thousand are permanent.
“Work will be carried out on the construction of 64 new schools, 13 health facilities, on the renewal of the irrigation complex and the modernization of the housing and communal services system,” said Serik Shapkenov.
When selecting projects, the main emphasis was placed on the creation of permanent jobs and the solution of some of the problems of three-shift and emergency schools, health care, and an increase in the area of irrigated land.
On behalf of the Head of State, within the framework of the second direction "Increasing the availability of financing for small and medium-sized businesses", it is envisaged to issue preferential microcredits with a rate of up to 6%.
A pool of 5.4 thousand projects in the amount of 22.5 billion tenge was compiled, which includes projects in the production and processing of meat products, milk, food industry, services, etc.
15 micro-financial organizations were created in the regions to ensure effective implementation of the microcrediting instrument.
The recipients of microcredits will create 10.6 thousand additional jobs.
In the direction of the development of the agro-industrial complex, together with the Ministry of Agriculture and the Baiterek Holding, 42 investment projects will be implemented in the amount of 100 billion tenge at a rate of up to 6% for the end borrower, taking into account the subsidized rate.
The projects were selected for the following conditions:
1) employment support and job creation;
2) a high level of sophistication;
3) reduction of imports of food products.
2.2 thousand temporary and 3.8 permanent jobs will be created.
“As part of business development in the regions, about 6,000 jobs will be created through concessional lending and issuing loans to business entities, as well as investing in authorized capital, providing non-financial support,” said the head of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Population.
Implementation of the Employment Roadmap in the current year will allow:
- to create 35.6 thousand jobs, of which more than 55% are permanent. Taking into account family members, about 80 thousand people will be provided with a constant income.
- to improve social infrastructure by creating social assets;
- to saturate the market with domestically produced products by creating new industries;
- to increase the share of small and medium-sized businesses in the structure of the country's GDP.
According to the Chair of Baiterek NMH JSC Aidar Arifkhanov, in order to improve the development of business initiatives and improve the quality of life of citizens, the holding plans to attract a bonded loan from the funds of the National Bank of Kazakhstan within the framework of the existing mechanism in the amount of 200 billion tenge with a circulation period of 10 years and a rate remuneration 7% per annum.
Also, funds from the placement of bonds of the holding will be distributed for a similar period of 10 years in the following areas:
- 100 billion tenge to finance the LEB;
- 100 billion tenge to finance the agro-industrial complex.
As the akim of Almaty region Amandyk Batalov said, timely implementation of the Employment Roadmap during the pandemic allowed not only to prevent the growth of unemployment, but also to solve many issues aimed at improving the quality of life of residents of the region.
Thus, 82 projects for Employment Roadmap-2020 were implemented in rural areas.
The financing limit of the Almaty region for 2021 is 31.8 billion tenge, of which 13.1 billion tenge is provided for the implementation of 8 infrastructure projects, 14.3 billion tenge for lending to agricultural projects and 2.4 billion tenge for business support.
Also in the region, infrastructure projects are being implemented with the creation of permanent jobs. A total of 8 social infrastructure facilities, including the construction of 7 schools for 1,500 children and the reconstruction of the Zhalyn out-of-town camp.
“In the agro-industrial complex in the current year. it is planned to commission 24 projects in the amount of 29 billion tenge. Concessional lending through the Baiterek NMH JSC will be a good support for their implementation,” Batalov said.
Currently, 9 projects are under consideration for the amount of 18.8 billion tenge, of which 14.3 billion tenge will be provided under the Employment Roadmap.
To implement the directions of microcrediting, together with NCE Atameken and SEC Zhetysu, a microfinance organization was created, through which it is planned to finance more than 480 projects and create about 550 permanent jobs. All organizational issues have been resolved.
In general, it is planned to implement more than 500 projects within the framework of the Employment Roadmap and create an additional 2.8 thousand permanent jobs.